Javaid is a Professor of Law at Brunel University, London, United Kingdom. Javaid possesses over 25 years of experience as an academic lawyer and is one of the leading global authorities on the subject of Muslim constitutionalism and international human rights law.  

His magnum opus, entitled International Human Rights Law (Longman, 2010) is regarded as one of the most authoritative and comprehensive analysis on the subject and he has produced over 180 other publications which have been translated into various languages, including German, Japanese, French, Persian, Arabic and Urdu.  He has taught and developed various programmes and modules on international and regional human rights law at undergraduate and post-graduate levels and supported the completion of over 150 doctorates. Javaid has been invited as a visiting Professor at various institutions, including: Emory University School of Law (2004), University of Tezukayama Law School, Japan (2004); Louis D. Brandeis School of Law, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky (1997) Faculté de Droit et des Sciences Economiques, University of Maine, France (19992001); Dublin City University, Ireland (20052010); and the Islamic Science University of Malaysia (20092013). 

Javaid has had a considerable impact in developing the law as well as the reform of law, policy and practice in a number of countriesIn July 2018, he was elected as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights Situation in IranDuring 2019–2020, Javaid served as Member of the Coordination Committee of the Special Procedures United Nations Human Rights Office. 

Javaid acts as consultant and advisor to leading inter-governmental, governmental, international and national organisations. As a practitioner and eminent jurist, he has provided opinions and acted as an expert witness before higher courts in various jurisdictions. 

In 2010, during Pope Benedict VXI’s visit to the UK, Javaid was invited to have an audience with the Pope in recognition for his services to Islamic law and for developing inter-faith dialogue. Between 2008–2011, Javaid was member of the International Bar Association (IBA) Taskforce on International TerrorismIn 2015, Javaid was elected as a Fellow of the Academy of Social Sciences (FAcSS) as leading authority in the UK and globally on Islamic lawinternational terrorism and Muslim family law.   

Javaid has conducted high-level university administrative positions with great distinction. This includes a successful career as the Head of Brunel Law School (2009–2013). He was also a member of the University Senate, and the Senior Management Group (2009–2013) at Brunel University. 


International human rights law

Family law

Notable cases

Professor Rehman has given legal opinions in high profile cases including:

AB v HT & Ors [2018] EWCOP 2 (capacity to marriage; sexual relations and Islamic law)

XCC v. AA, and Others [2012] EWHC 2183 (COP) (Islamic law of marriage; cross jurisdiction marriage; Bangladeshi Laws)

Ahmed & Anor v. The Queen [2011] EWCA Crim 184 (international terrorism, nationality, Pakistan law)

SH v. NB [2009] EWHC 3274 (Fam) (marriage, consent in Islamic family laws)

R v Khyam & Others [2008] EWCA Crim 1612 (international terrorism; Pakistani laws; torture)


Published books and studies:

Peer-reviewed journal articles

  • ‘Combating International Terrorism without Undermining Human Rights–Is there a way forward?’ 8(2) Human Rights Review (2014) 1–30. (REF, 2021)
  • Is Green a part of the Rainbow? Sharia and homosexuality in the Muslim World’, 37 (1) Fordham International Law Journal (2013), pp. 1–52. Featured Article: (Co-authored)
  • ‘Justice after Democracy in the Arab World: Islamic Law Perspectives on Accountability’ 54 German Yearbook of International Law (2012) 53–86. (Co-authored)
  • ‘Is “Defamation of Religions” Passé?’ 44 George Washington International Law Review (2012) pp. 431–472. (Co-authored)
  • ‘The Sharia, Freedom of Religion and European Human Rights Law’ 22 Irish Studies in International Affairs (2011) pp. 37–51
  • ‘Religion and Human Rights Law: Complexities in Applying the Sharia in modern State Practices’ 62 Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly (2011), pp. 153–166
  • ‘Freedom of Expression, Apostasy and Blasphemy within Islam’ 79 Criminal Justice Matters (2010) 4
  • ‘Indigenous Peoples: An Introduction to the Socio-Legal Framework’ 8 European Yearbook of Minority Issues (2009) pp. 211–245. (Co-authored)
  • International Law, US Foreign Policy and Post-9/11 Islamic Fundamentalism’ 77(2) Nordic Journal of International Law (2008) pp. 87–103. (Co-authored)
  • Islam, “War on Terror” and the Future of Muslim Minorities in the United Kingdom’ 29(4) Human Rights Quarterly (2007), pp.831–878
  • The Sharia, Islamic Family Laws and International Human Rights Law’ 21 International Journal of Law, Family and Policy (2007), pp. 108–127
  • ‘South-Asia’ 11 Asian Year Book of International Law (2002–2003) (2006)
  • ‘Islamic Criminal Justice and International Terrorism’ Journal of Islamic State Practices in International Law 2(3) (2006), pp. 12–39
  • ‘Developing an Islamic Perspective in International Law’ 1(2) Journal of Islamic State Practices in International Law (2005) pp. 1– 4
  • The Concept of Jihad in Islamic International Law’ 10(4) Journal of Conflict and Security Law (2005) pp. 321–343. (Co-authored)
  • ‘Institutions of International Law and the Development of the Multilateral forum for Peaceful Dialogue in South Asia’ 1 Asian Journal of Comparative Law (2006) 24–43
  • ‘Islamophobia after 9/11: International Terrorism, Sharia and Muslim Minorities in Europe’ 3 (2003/2004) European Yearbook of Minority Issues (2005), pp. 217–235
  • ‘Islamic Practices and Developments in International Law’ 1(1) Journal of Islamic State Practices in International Law (2005) pp.1–3
  • ‘South-Asia’ 10 Asian Year Book of International Law (2001–2002) (2005) at pp. 208–213
  • ‘Freedom of Religion versus Equality in International Human Rights Law’ 4(3) Nordic Journal of Human Rights (2003) pp. 404– 428. (Co-authored)
  • ‘Assessing the legality of the Attacks by I.C.A.T’ 67(5) Journal of Criminal Law (2003) pp. 415–430. (Co-authored)
  • ‘The Influence of International Human Rights Law Upon Criminal Justice Systems’ 66(6) Journal of Criminal Law (2002), pp. 505–523
  • ‘Access to ICJ in Resolving Environmental Disputes’ 7 Tezukayama Law Review (2002) pp. 91–108. (Translated in Japanese)
  • ‘Europe Union and human rights law’ Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law 24(1) 2002, pp. 1–16. (Co-authored)
  • ‘Minority Rights and the Constitutional Dilemmas of Pakistan’ Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights 19(4) 2001, pp. 417–443
  • ‘The Role and Contribution of the World Court in the Progressive Development of International Environmental Law’ Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law, 5(4), 2000, pp. 3–15
  • ‘Accommodating Religious Identities in an Islamic State’ International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, 7(2) 2000, pp. 139–165
  • ‘Re-Assessing the Right to Self-Determination’ Anglo-American Law Review, 29(4) 2000, pp. 454–475
  • ‘Accommodating National Identity’ International Journal on Minority and Group Rights 6 (1/2), 1999, pp. 267–272
  • ‘Substantiating Minority Rights’ Journal of Law and Society, XXI (No. 3) July 1999, pp. 1–13
  • ‘Raising the Conceptual Issues: Minority Rights in International Law’ The Australian Law Journal, 72(8) August 1998, pp. 615–634
  • ‘International Law and Indigenous Peoples’ Journal of Civil Liberties 3(3) 1998, pp. 224–239
  • ‘The Right to Physical Existence in International Law’30 Liverpool Law Review, 1998, pp. 201–227
  • ‘The Role of the International Community in Dealing with Individual Petitions under the Optional Protocol’ Journal of Law and Society, XI (No. 1) July 1992, pp. 13–23
  • ‘Minorities and International Law’ Journal of Law and Society, XIX (No.1) January 1997, pp. 23–35
  • ‘Self-Determination, State Building and the Mohajirs’ Contemporary South Asia 3(2) (1994) pp. 111–129

Contributions to edited works

  • Faith in the Flesh’ in Lalor (ed.) Sexuality and Social Justice (International Development Studies) 2016, pp. 43–50
  • ‘Islam and Human Rights’ in Akyesilmen & Tumay (eds.) Religion and Human Rights (Selckuk University Press) 2014, pp.114–121 (translated in Turkish)
  • ‘Pakistan’ in Robbers et al, (eds.) Encyclopaedia of Law and Religion (Brill-Nijhoff) 2016
  • ‘Adjudication on the Rights of Sexual Minorities in the Muslim World’ in Green & Waters (eds.) Adjudicating International Human Rights: Essays in Honour of Sandy Ghandhi (Brill-Nijhoff) 2014, pp. 119–147. (REF, 2021)
  • ‘“Prevent” Policies and Law’ in Lennon & Walker (eds.) in Routledge Handbook of Law and Terrorism (Routledge) 2015, pp. 380–397. (Co-authored)
  • ‘Historiography of Islamic International Law’ in Emon et al (eds.) Oxford Handbook of Islamic Law (Oxford University Press) 2016
  • ‘Islam, Terrorism and International Law’ in Saul (ed.) Research Handbook on Terrorism (Edward Elgar) 2014, pp. 177–191
  • ‘The Sharī‘ah, International Human Rights Law and the Right to hold Opinions and Expression’ Frick and Th. Müller (eds.) Islam and International Law (Brill-Nijhoff) 2013, 244–268
  • ‘Islam vs. the Sharia’ in Ellis, Emon, Glahn (eds.) Islamic Law and International Human Rights Law (Oxford University Press) 2012, pp. 371–378
  • ‘Religion, Peace and Human Rights’ in Czada, et al (eds.), Religion and World Peace: Religious Capacities for Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (Nomos) 2012, pp. 196–204 (also translated in German)
  • ‘“Prevent” Responses to Jihadi Extremism’ in Ramraj (ed.) Global Anti-Terrorism Law and Policy (Cambridge University Press) 2011, pp. 242–267. (Co-authored)
  • ‘The Influence of Religion on Law and Society’ in Smits (ed.) Islamic Finance and the Influence of Religion on the Law (Eleven International Publishing) 2012, pp. 13–32
  • ‘Regional/International Frameworks of Minority Protection in Europe and South Asia’ in Das (ed.) Minorities in South Asia and in Europe (SAMYA) 2010, pp. 278–308. (Co-authored)
  • ‘Muslims and the Aftermath of 7 July 2005’ Nathan (ed.) Current Issues in Human Rights and International Relations (Brill-Nijhoff) 2010 pp. 350–371
  • ‘Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea’ in Xanthaki and Allen (eds.) Indigenous Peoples in International Law (Hart Publishing) 2011, pp. 561–584
  • ‘Sharia and Application of Human Rights Norms of Equality and Non Discrimination in the Family’ (Peter Lang) 2008/2009, pp. 361–386. (Co-authored)
  • ‘International law, the Sharia and International Terrorism’ Constantinides and Zaikos (eds.) Essays in Honour of Professor Kalliopi K. Koufa (Brill-Nijhoff, 2009) pp. 239–257
  • Sources of Islamic Law’ (Centre for Legal Education) 2008, pp. 42
  • An Introduction to Islamic International Law’ (Centre for Legal Education) 2008 pp. 46
  • Islamic Law of Obligatory Alms’ (Centre for Legal Education) 2008, pp. 54. (Co-authored)
  • ‘Rights of Religious Minorities’ Baderin (ed.), International Law and Islamic Law (Ashgate) 2008 (Re-published)
  • ‘Minorities and Self-Determination’ in Cane & Conaghan (eds.), The New Oxford Companion to Law (Oxford University Press) 2008
  • ‘Minority Rights: South-Asia’ in R.Green et al, (eds.) World Directory of Minorities (Minority Rights Group) 2008, (+60,000 words.)
  • ‘“A Clash of Civilizations” and “A Conflict of Cities”’ in Loenen and Goldschmidt, (eds.) Religious Pluralism and Human Rights in Europe (Intersentia) 2007, pp. 185–196
  • ‘Minority Rights and Muslims since 7 July’ in Walden (ed.) Terrorism and Human Rights (Charles Nathan Research Centre) 2007, pp. 111–149
  • ‘Terrorism’ in Robertson and Scholte (eds.), Encyclopaedia of Globalization (Routledge) 2006, Vol. 3. pp. 1136–1141
  • ‘Introductory Reflections’ in Rehman and Breau (eds.) Religion, Human Rights and International Law (Brill-Nijhoff) 2007, pp. 3–22. (Co-authored)
  • ‘Nation-Building in an Islamic State’ in Rehman and Breau (eds.) Religion, Human Rights and International Law (Brill-Nijhoff) 2007, pp. 409–439
  • ‘Religion, Minority Rights and the Muslims of the United Kingdom’ in Rehman and Breau (eds.) Religion, Human Rights and International Law (Brill-Nijhoff 2007) pp. 521–550
  • ‘9/11 and the War on Terrorism’ in NicCraith (ed.), Language, Power and Identity Politics (Palgrave) pp. 198–215
  • ‘South-Asia’ in Green (ed.), State of World Minorities (MRG) 2006, pp. 114–124
  • ‘Conflicting Values or Misplaced Interpretations?’ in Ghanea (ed.), Does God Believe in Human Rights? (Brill-Nijhoff) 2006, pp. 65–88
  • ‘Minorities in Asia’ in Skutsch, (ed.) Encyclopaedia of the World’s Minorities (Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers) 2004, Vol. 1–3 (pp 60+)
  • ‘Islamic Perspectives of International Economic Law’ in Qureshi (ed.). Perspectives in International Economic Law (Kluwer) 2002, pp. 235–258
  • ‘The Future of Minority Rights’ in Kabogulu (ed.). Minority Rights (Istanbul Bar Association) 2002, pp. 408–415 (Translated in Turkish)
  • ‘Minority Rights in International Law’ in Kabogulu (ed.). Minority Rights (Istanbul Bar Association) 2002, pp. 95–123. (Translated in Turkish)
  • ‘Concluding Remarks’ in Tierney (ed.), Accommodating National Identity (Kluwer) 2000, pp. 285–293
  • ‘International Law and Minorities’ in Constantopoulos et al (eds.), Peace and Human Rights–Thesaurus Acroasium (Thessalonki University) Vol.44 (2000) pp. 705–716
  • ‘The Conception of `Peoples’ in International Law’ in Bakut et al, (eds.), Development in Africa for the 21st Century (Macmillan) 2000, pp. 270–284
  • ‘Autonomy and the Rights of Minorities in Europe’ in Wheatley & Cumper, (eds.) Minority Rights in the ‘New’ Europe (Kluwer) 1999, pp. 217–231
  • ‘Indigenous Peoples at Risk’ in Burman and Verghese (eds.) Aspiring to be: The Tribal, indigenous Condition (Konark Publishers) 1998, pp. 72–121
  • Indigenous Peoples and Ethnic Minorities of Pakistan (World Bank) 1997, pp. 235. (Co-authored)
  • ‘South-Asia’ in Thornberry et al (eds.), World Directory of Minorities (MRG) 1997, pp. 535–587. (Co-authored)
  • ‘Women’s Rights’ in Mehdi and Shahid (eds.) Women’s Law in Legal Education and Practice (NSS Monographs) 1997, pp. 106–128
  • ‘International Community: Accomplice to Genocide or Globo-Cop of Human Rights’ in Cullen et al (eds.), Politics and the Law of the Former Yugoslavia (EC Research Institute) 1993, pp. 36–47

Editorships and memberships of editorial and advisory boards


(2015–): Asian Yearbook of Human Rights & Humanitarian Law (Nijhoff-Brill)

(2004– 2016): Journal of Islamic State Practices in International Law

(2010–2013): Asian Yearbook of International Law (Nijhoff-Brill)

(2014–): Islamic Law Series (Routledge)

(2016 –): Muslim Constitutionalism Series (Routledge)

Member Editorial/Advisory Boards:

Religion and Human Rights (Netherlands)

International Review of Law (Qatar University, Sultanate of Qatar)

International Human Rights Law (Netherlands)

Asian Journal of International Law (India)

IIUM Law Journal (Malaysia)

Damghan Journal of International Law (Iran)

Journal of Law and Social Research (Pakistan)

Journal of Law and Social Policy (Pakistan)

Central European Journal of International & Security Studies (Chez Republic)

Law & Justice Review & Human Rights Review (Turkey)


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